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Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on January 13, 2024 at 8:23pm


Historical Penarikan Portege river expedition takes participants down ancient traders' route

PEKAN: Excitement was written all over the face of Muhd Afiq Anwar Jafriddin as he waited patiently to join an expedition to journey down the historical Laluan Penarikan (Penarikan Portage), a route of which Malay traders since ancient times have plied to travel between Melaka, Negri Sembilan, Pahang and Johor.

The 20-year-old college student said that being part of the expedition will be an eye-opener for him as he will be discovering a 600m land route that allowed boats be carried over land from Sungai Serting in Pahang to Sungai Jempol in Johor, and vice versa.

For over two millennia, travellers and traders using the rivers have utilised the short cut over the land route to travel between Sungai Serting, which flows down to Sungai Bera and Sungai Pahang in Pahang, and Sungai Jempol which flows into Sungai Muar, which traverses from Negri Sembilan to Johor.

"History needs to be studied and appreciated by everyone especially the young generation.

"This appreciation is especially important now during the fast pace of modern life," said Afiq, a native of Johor Baru, who is currently studying at Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi Mara Ledang, Johor.

Excitement was written all over the face of Muhd Afiq Anwar Jafriddin (insert) as he waited patiently to join an expedition to journey down the historical Laluan Penarikan (Penarikan Portage), a route of which Malay traders since ancient times have plied to travel between Melaka, Negri Sembilan, Pahang and Johor. Pic by NSTP/ Muhd Asyraf Sawal

Another history buff, Nurul Izzatie Mohamad Noorazwan, 20, said she regarded this as an opportunity to relive the lives of those who used the route to travel between the four states in olden times. In Form 5, she said, history was her favourite subject.

"This expedition is a way for us to relive the days of yore when men and women took the river journey by utilising Laluan Penarikan.

"I am excited to find out more about the lives of the people from back then," said the student, who is studying Diploma in Information System Administration at Kolej Yayasan Pahang, Kuantan.

Afiq and Izzatie were among some 45 participants present at the jetty at Sungai Pahang here today to join in the expedition, which began in Muar Melaka on Sunday.

The participants from all four states boarded several boats to undertake the river journey that is linked to the Penarikan Portege.

Among the places they will be travelling to are Bukit Ibam, Rompin, Olak Sepam, and Muar, before wrapping up their journey at Sungai Duyung, Melaka on Friday.

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on January 13, 2024 at 8:22pm

They were waved off by Melaka Chief Minister Datuk Seri Idris Haron and Pahang health, human resources, and special duties committee chairman Datuk Norol Azali Sulaiman.

During a press conference, Idris said the expedition, which is a joint effort between the four states seeks to deepen the youths’ appreciation for history.

"Youths have romanticism for history, which can naturally give birth to love and patriotism for the country," he said.

He said the expedition can boost tourism in all four states as it can spark interest in the fascinating history of the Penarikan Portege which facilitated the growth of early civilizations in peninsular Malaysia.

He added that they also plan to compile a book based on facts gathered from the expedition.

(October 3, 2017 https://www.nst.com.my)

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on January 12, 2024 at 5:58pm


Pahang Innovative Startups Accelerator 2023 : Mid-Term Review.

My personal story unfolded alongside thePahang Innovative Startups Accelerator (PISA) 2023. Join me as I recount the transformative moments that shaped my entrepreneurial journey, exploring the key elements of the mid-term review briefing session: the pitch deck, business model, MVP development, liquidity risk management, financial projections, and startup accounting modeling.

I immersed myself in crafting a pitch deck that would resonate with the judges and mentors. With unwavering passion, I articulated the problem I was determined to solve, weaving a story that spoke directly to the challenges faced by our community. The pitch deck became a vessel that carried my dreams, propelling me forward with the hope of making a real impact.

The business model weaved together the threads of innovation, sustainability, and community engagement. Our revenue streams were carefully designed to harmonize profit and purpose, while strategic partnerships anchored our growth trajectory. We became pioneers of change, harnessing the web3, blockchain & digital assets industry development.

In the crucible of the accelerator program, our MVP (Minimum viable product)underwent a remarkable transformation. We listened attentively to user feedback, embracing it as a catalyst for growth. The vibrant community of mentors and fellow entrepreneurs provided invaluable insights, pushing us to iterate and refine. Our MVP became a manifestation of our dedication to delivering a solution that exceeded expectations. With each milestone achieved, we brought our vision to life, igniting the spark of change in the hearts of our users.

The Pahang Innovative Startups Accelerator (PISA) equipped us with the tools to navigate the rapids of liquidity risk. We analyzed our cash flow with precision, identifying potential challenges and vulnerabilities. Our strategies for managing liquidity risks were fortified, ensuring a steady course in the face of uncertainty. Diverse funding sources and proactive working capital management became our life jackets, instilling confidence and resilience. With each challenge overcome, we grew stronger, ready to conquer the currents that lay ahead.

In the mid-term review briefing session, we painted a financial canvas that reflected our growth and potential. Our financial projections showcased the fruits of our labor, unveiling a future brimming with success. Revenue forecasts danced with optimism, while our meticulous cost analysis ensured efficiency and sustainability. We embraced profitability as a guiding principle, setting our sights on scalability and expansion. The financial canvas became a testament to our dedication, captivating stakeholders and attracting the right partners to join us on this extraordinary journey.

As I stand here, sharing my personal story of growth and transformation alongside the Pahang Innovative Startups Accelerator (PISA) 2023, I am filled with gratitude. The program has provided fertile ground for my entrepreneurial aspirations to flourish.

Syazwan B(Mysekolahkripto Jul 12, 2023 https://medium.com

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on December 12, 2023 at 10:48pm

彭亨州东部偏南有个小市镇,名字叫北根(Pekan),它是彭亨州的王城。

相信大家对北根第一个印象就是,它是前首相敦拉萨以及拿督斯里纳吉出生的地方吧!除此之外,它也是一座经历许多风雨的市镇,年尾封港天来临时,北根可能遭洪水围城,变成泽国。

近年来,随着时代的变迁,北根一步一脚印,开始发展成为一个旅游区。

星洲日报《学海》东海岸联谊会关丹小站学生记者队,在来自北根的学记当导游安排下,展开北根一日游,实地为读者们介绍北根朴实风貌。

第一站

北根早市(建议时间:早上8时)

星期六美食最多

北根有个比一般市集还热闹的早市,占据的范围非常大,出售的商品多样化,如当地人所栽种的新鲜蔬果、肉类、厨房用具、饮料及美味小吃等,吸引不同族群光顾。

早市的营业时间是每个星期三和星期六早上7时至中午12时。

北根学记的温馨提醒:与星期六相比,星期三早市所贩卖的小吃并不多,想吃美食的游客,不妨把行程安排在星期六吧!


面摊老板娘认真煮面,把最好吃的早餐带给大家。(图:星洲日报)


天乐茶室充满古早味,是北根人吃早餐的首选。(图:星洲日报)

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on December 12, 2023 at 10:48pm

第二站

天乐茶餐厅(建议时间:早上9时)

北根人从小吃到大

摆着木制椅与陶瓷桌,显得古色古香,这间位于北根前街的茶餐室叫作“天乐茶餐厅”。它是北根人“从小吃到大”的茶餐室。

天乐茶餐室最出名的早餐莫过于烤面包,绝对能让你赞不绝口。另外,这里有摊深受北根居民欢迎的面档。顾客们在吃汤面时,能往碗里加云吞及鱼丸,以及由老板娘自制的酿茄子、苦瓜和羊角豆。值得一提的是,茶餐室每逢假日都涌入一家大小来品尝热滚滚的汤面。

食客们在吃完美味的早餐后,还能移步至隔壁天后宫祈福。

天乐茶餐厅营业时间大约是从早上6时至下午4时。


苏丹阿布巴卡博物馆位于北根前街,博物馆内有许多珍藏文物,参观博物馆可认识北根的发展历史。(图:星洲日报)

第三站

苏丹阿布巴卡博物馆(Musium Sultan Abu Bakar)(建议时间:早上10时)

夺DFA亚洲最具影响力设计奖

苏丹阿布巴卡博物馆是北根历史最悠长的博物馆,建于1920年。在英殖民时代,它是英国人的居住地,也曾沦为日军营地,并于1948年开始成为已故苏丹的居所──哥峇布兰(Kota Beram)王宫,后期改为富有纪念价值的苏丹阿布巴卡博物馆。

值得一提的是,此博物馆因其历史价值,再加上混合了传统与现代价值观的优点,于2015年夺得由香港设计中心颁发的“DFA亚洲最具影响力设计奖”,名扬海外。

在博物馆内,有各种古老的文物、历史以及文化。参观博物馆不但能增进了解马来西亚和北根的历史,还能学到课本外的知识。

这所博物馆也是新人们拍摄婚纱照的场地之一,除了北根人,居住在外地的新人们也专程来此留下倩影。

苏丹阿布巴卡博物馆入门票分3种,成人收费5令吉、小孩2令吉,穿校服学生免费入场。


位于北根前街的余美记餐馆四大招牌菜:东坡肉、蚝油香港菜心、白灼虾和姜蓉菜园鸡。(图:星洲日报)

第四站

余美记(建议时间:下午1时)

首推“咕噜肉饭”

从苏丹阿布巴卡博物馆步行可抵达同样位于北根前街的余美记传统餐馆,这家餐馆营业至今已有60年。

早期的余美记餐馆位于天乐茶餐厅的后半部,随后迁至现址。这家是北根华人最爱的餐馆,也是北根唯一一间售卖猪肉的餐馆,用猪肉煮的料理更有一番风味,学记们首推“咕噜肉饭”。

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on December 12, 2023 at 10:47pm

对于不吃猪肉的民众,也可以在这里吃其他料理如杂饭和煮炒,如滑蛋河、福建面、姜蓉菜园鸡饭、白斩鸡及烧肉饭等。

姜蓉料理祖传好味道

偷偷告诉大家,这里的姜蓉菜园鸡饭当中的姜蓉料理,是店主婆婆祖传下来的好味道。

余美记营业时间由上午10时至下午3时,下午6时至晚上10时,每两个星期连休两天,分别是星期一和星期二。


芒果口味的煎蕊让人垂涎三尺。(图:星洲日报)

第五站

树下煎蕊档(建议时间:下午2时)

消暑解渴好满足

位于苏丹阿末路的路边食物摊子是北根在地人最喜欢“喝茶”好去处。烈日当空享受树荫下的凉风,配上一碗消暑解渴的ABC冰及煎蕊冰,最叫人满足!

这路边摊煎蕊冰档口,除了传统的ABC冰及煎蕊冰,还提供各种冰品供大家选择,计有糯米、玉蜀黍、大红豆、芒果及荔枝口味。游客可以在这里买一些小吃和饮料,边逛街边吃。

树下煎蕊档每天的营业时间是从早上11时至傍晚7时。

列圣宫是北根著名的神庙之一,也是当地人口中的“大伯公庙”。(图:星洲日报)


列圣宫里供奉大伯公神明,以及各种神像,当中有些神像历史悠久,其中部分来自中国。(图:星洲日报)

第六站

北根列圣宫(建议时间:下午3时)

古物保存良好

北根列圣宫拥有超过200年的历史,是北根华人的扎根印记。列圣宫是以红色及黄色为主,庙里有数条神龙的雕像,屋顶上正中间还镶着两颗从中国运来的龙珠。

不说不知,列圣宫里存有许多保存良好的古物,包括早年从中国运来的神像及木烛台等文物。

因为这间神庙祭拜大伯公神明,北根人也把列圣宫称为“大伯公庙”。

开放时间:每天开放

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on December 12, 2023 at 10:45pm


北根河畔公园入口处有个大大的牌楼,适合在这里拍照。(图:星洲日报)

第七站

北根河滨休闲公园(RIVERFRONT)(建议时间:傍晚5时至7时)

赏日出日落享受宁静

位于北根市中心河边的休闲公园,是北根在地人休闲首选,这里无论是早上或傍晚都可看见许多人在运动及散步,大家或坐或站,享受宁静的一刻。

河滨休闲公园附近有一些小吃,如传统马来糕点、椰浆饭、披萨车摊,还有水果摊,甚至连新鲜的海鲜如魔鬼鱼、淡水鱼及红石斑等,都可以在这里找到。

来到河滨休闲公园,千万别错过走在北根最长的河堤上。许多居民都会在周末来到长堤上跑步、欣赏日出日落或骑自行车。


学记们与郑德隆(左三)合照 ,左一起为沈希纹及叶恒康,右起为黄信雄、陈畇洁和党雪莹。(图:星洲日报)

郑德隆:鼓励年轻人回乡贡献

学记们访问了从小居住在北根的郑德隆,听一听北根长辈谈谈北根的发展过程。 70岁的郑德隆除了是列圣宫主席和文具店老板,也曾担任北根华小董事长和潮州会馆主席,可说是北根具有名望的地方领袖。

郑德隆告诉学记们,作为彭亨州王城,北根本来就具有最佳的发展潜能,当时华裔先贤抵达北根,聚居在沿河一带,随后逐渐发展成今天的北根大街。

他说,可惜的是,二次世界大战之后,北根失去了动力,整个彭亨州发展重心移至关丹,导致北根渐渐衰退。在北根经营数十年的传统店铺,如饼干店、药材店、汽水厂及木材厂也因生意滑落而结业。

随着前首相拿督斯里纳吉拜相后,北根的发展动力回来了。在纳吉的推动下,北根有了汽车工业城,也兴建了彭亨大学,还有各种学院,同时也投入大量金钱去发展北根旅游业。

他希望在外求学的游子能回来一同发展北根,以提高北根的知名度,为北根作些贡献,尽身为北根一分子的责任。

学记感想

绝对值得亲身体验

北根是众所皆知的小镇,但是真正前来参观的人却不多,一些人还认为北根仍是贫穷落后的小地方。其实,北根近年来出现了各种新设备与服务,大大提升当地居民的生活水平。

这次的走访,不但让我们看见了北根如今的模样,也让我们了解当地的一些特色与美景。北根的美景、美食与人情绝对值得你去亲身体验,所以还没去过北根的你不妨来走一趟,亲自感受这个小镇的美好。

(策划:东海岸关丹小站·学记负责人:欧阳秀媚;联合报道:东海岸学记:北根东姑阿都拉中学 PH2802沉希纹、北根东姑阿都拉中学PH2803党雪莹、北根阿末中学PH2902叶恒康、关丹丹那布爹中学PH2804陈昀洁、关丹圣多默中学PH2906 黄信雄)

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on December 12, 2023 at 5:53am


地名與植物 同名同姓?

FRIM於馬六甲士蘭道研究站設立的植物同名園,以地名與植物名稱的關係爲切入點,以便提昇公衆對森林保護的醒覺意識。

馬來西亞有14個州屬,每個州屬的地區分佈都有各自的名稱。你知道這些地名取自何處嗎?相信很多人都知道,馬六甲名稱取自馬六甲樹,檳城名稱取自檳榔樹,但原來以植物命名的地名不僅於此,還有很多是你始料未及的。

馬來西亞的森林裡充滿着不同種類的植物,時間越往前走,越多植物的“地位”和價值逐漸被提昇。由古至今,植物與人類的關繫密不可分,除了吸收二氧化碳釋放氧氣外,植物也貢獻出自己的“身體”爲人類所用。

比如?例子多的是。造船、製造家具、建築材料、手工藝品、傳統藥物、美容、食材等,有哪個是與人類的生活無關呢?還沒説完,植物還有一個“功能”總是被人們遺忘,即是——命名。


以環境作教材

很多時候,一般人認爲花花草草就是代表植物最直接的形體,其實還有更直接的。你知道嗎?我國有很多州屬、城鎮、小鎮、鄉村、花園、道路和建築物,都與植物名稱有關聯,而且你對這些名字肯定不陌生!

爲了讓民衆對與地名有關的植物有更多認識和了解,馬來西亞森林研究院(FRIM)於FRIM馬六甲士蘭道研究站(SPF Selandar)成立全馬首個“植物同名園”(Taman Sinonim),以環境作爲一個教材,讓人民認識植物生態的美麗與珍貴,尤其是鮮少人知或瀕臨滅絶和已滅絶的植物物種。


提昇科學素養


FRIM總監拿督阿都拉迪夫博士指出:“這個研究站是我們選擇在馬六甲成立大馬首個植物同名園的原因之一。它成立於2009年,是一個集合各項林業概念,包括林業旅遊景點、特定森林物種(複製品種)種植試驗場、森林種植、森林種植投資等的卓越中心。”

植物同名園的最大特色在於,所有栽種於此的植物都與馬六甲的地區有關聯。開幕禮當天,約有80位來自FRIM及當地社區包括學校、高等院校、鄉村和政府機構的代表種植了66棵來自33種植物物種的幼苗。


拿督阿都拉迪夫博士以種植一棵馬六甲樹爲植物同名園主持開幕。


馬六甲作出發點

據悉,與馬六甲地區同名的植物共有37種,爲配合FRIM今年33週年慶,他們特別挑選其中33種植物栽種於此,如馬六甲樹(Phyllanthus emblica)與馬六甲和巴登馬六甲(Batang Melaka)同名;榴蓮樹(Durio sp.)與榴蓮洞葛(Durian Tunggal)和武吉榴蓮(Bukit Durian)同名,以及比達拉樹(Bidara)與丹絨比達拉(Tanjung Bidara)同名等。

他表示,FRIM在大馬半島共有99個研究站,先從馬六甲作爲一個起步點,他們也計劃未來在其他州屬的研究站也能設立植物同名園。

“現在的孩子或年輕人熱衷於電子科技,對自然環境提不起興趣。我們希望藉由植物同名園提昇學生的科學素養,親自走入大自然學習和認識各種植物物種,培養他們愛好科學、尊敬大自然及珍惜社區所擁有的自然資源的情操。” (下續)

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on December 12, 2023 at 5:50am

●馬六甲樹(Melaka)

●馬六甲樹(Melaka)

其他名稱:Aonla

學名:油甘(Phyllanthus emblica)

科屬:葉下珠科(Phyllanthaceae)

地名:Melaka、Batang Melaka、Pindah Melaka(Alor Gajah)

用途:馬六甲樹的果實又苦又酸,通常是用來做醃製食品。它的精華可用於製作墨水、染料、洗髮精和髮油。


●比達拉樹(Bidara)

●比達拉樹(Bidara)

學名:印度棗

(Zizyphus mauritiana)

科屬:鼠李科(Rhamnaceae)

地名:Tanjung Bidara、Kampung Tanjung Bidara

用途:比達拉樹的果實可以食用,而且有助於減重以及加強肌力和身體耐力。它也可以作爲花園的裝飾樹。在馬來社會,比達拉樹的葉子可用來清潔遺體。

Comment by 誰還記得北婆羅州? on December 12, 2023 at 5:49am

●木棉樹(Kekabu)

●木棉樹(Kekabu)

其他名稱:Kapok

學名:爪哇木棉

(Ceiba Pentandra)

科屬:錦葵科(Malvaceae)

地名:Kampung Bukit Kekabu

用途:木棉樹在鄉村區生長於道路旁,也適合用作裝飾樹或遮陰樹。它的棉花可用於製作枕頭或床褥。木棉樹的未熟果實也可以烹製成一道菜餚。


●黃花無憂樹(Gapis)

●黃花無憂樹(Gapis)

其他名稱:Ashoka

學名:Saraca thaipingensis

科屬:荳科

(Leguminosae/Fabaceae)

地名:Kampung Gapis

用途:這棵樹的果實有大量翹曲黑色種子,時常成爲猴子和鬆鼠的食物。它的美麗黃花會髮出誘人香氣,適合成爲花園的裝飾植物。它的樹根可用於製作巴冷刀的把手。

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