日期:2014年7月,這一年,是馬來西亞旅遊年;馬來西亞成立第51年;馬來西亞與中國建交40年,中國答應借兩隻熊貓給馬來西亞,不過比原定日期延後;中國和越南在南中國海互射水炮,越南鬧排華,來自台灣、馬來西亞、新加坡等地的華商工廠、公司,都被當著是中資企業掠奪。

地點:馬來西亞沙巴。

環境:馬航MH370失踪的謎底仍未解開,菲律賓南部海盜入侵沙巴東海岸虜人勒索贖金的事件仍時有所聞;實際上,還有兩位中國人質,一位遊客,一位華資在沙公司的經理,仍在海盜手中沒下文。中國集體遊客數目大減,不過,許多自由客還是抵抗不住沙巴的大藍天、大藍海、大綠山、大綠地,湧現在西海岸的亞庇。市中心的加雅街仍然燃燒著他們的熱情。

故事:當然也有例外的,有位北京男是來療傷的,心傷;還好,他在加雅街痊癒了,而且變成了另一個人;因為他遇上了杜順公主。

(Photo Credit: Liew Foo Wui,http://iconada.tv/profile/LiewFooWui

Rating:
  • Currently 4.75/5 stars.

Views: 421

Comment

You need to be a member of Iconada.tv 愛墾 網 to add comments!

Join Iconada.tv 愛墾 網

Comment by Host Workshop on October 17, 2022 at 5:22pm


劉曉·四海賓服:明成祖四次為外國加封鎮山


明成祖永樂年間,政治清明,經濟發展迅速,疆土遼闊,天下大治。

所謂鎮山,指的是一個地區的主山。《尚書‧舜典》上有註解說:「每州之名山殊大者,以為其州之鎮。」而說到鎮山的意義,東漢學者鄭玄解釋為:「鎮,名山安地德也」,也就是鎮守一方土地的名山。

隋唐時期朝廷分封了五大鎮山,分別為東鎮沂山(山東)、西鎮吳山(陜西)、中鎮天柱山(安徽)、南鎮會稽山(浙江)、北鎮醫巫閭山(遼寧)。《周禮》中有祭祀鎮山之製,因此歷代守禮的帝王都會依時親自或遣使前往各山加封祭祀。

明成祖永樂年間,政治清明,經濟發展迅速,疆土遼闊,天下大治。不僅如此,成祖還派鄭和下西洋、陳誠去西域諸國,宣揚其「共享太平之福」的理想和天朝特有的禮製體系,展示燦爛的中華文明,對於周邊的近鄰日本、朝鮮、南亞諸國,同樣采取友好的對外政策,因此四海賓服。

成祖還在四個國家使者到訪時,先後四次為外國加封鎮山,並皆禦製詩文,以炳耀海外。

滿剌加「王好善義思朝宗」

明代被稱為滿剌加的小國,位於今馬來半島的西南端,瀕臨馬六甲海峽,現為馬來西亞馬六甲州首府所在地,可以說是處於重要的交通要道。滿剌加本來隸屬於暹羅,每年要向其繳納金四十兩。

 

永樂元年(1403)冬,明成祖派遣中官尹慶出使滿剌加,贈送織金文綺、銷金帳幔等禮物給滿剌加酋長拜里迷蘇剌,並「宣示威德及招徠之意」,拜里迷蘇剌非常高興,馬上遣使隨尹慶入朝,並正式向大明進貢。

永樂三年(1405),滿剌加的使者到達京師,明成祖召見了他,並封拜里迷蘇剌為滿剌加國王,賜誥印、彩幣、襲衣、黃蓋。使者說:「我國國王仰慕上國大義,願沈浮如同中國列郡,歲效職貢,希望請封其山為一國之鎮。」

明成祖同意了,下詔封其國之西山為鎮國山。成祖還下令禦製碑文,賜以銘詩曰:「西山巨海中國通,輸天灌地億載同。沐日浴月光景融,兩崖露日草木濃。金花寶鈿生青紅,有國於茲樂雍谷。王好善義思朝宗,願比內郡依華風。出入導從張蓋重,儀文裼襲禮虔恭。天書貞石表爾忠,爾國西山永鎮封。山君海伯翕扈從,皇考陟降在彼穹。後天監視久益隆,爾眾子孫萬福崇。」

詩中稱頌了滿剌加對中華文化的仰慕和效仿,並祝福其國運昌盛、子孫得福。

永樂三年(1405),滿剌加的使者到達京師,明成祖召見了他。示意圖,圖為清院本《清明上河圖》局部。(國立故宮博物院提供)

其後,兩國交往關係升溫。永樂七年(1409),鄭和第三次下西洋,特地到達滿剌加,奉明成祖之命再次對滿剌加進行正式冊封,宣讀中國皇帝詔敕,賜其國王雙臺銀印、冠帶袍服。

據跟隨鄭和下西洋的鞏珍在《西洋番國誌‧滿剌加國》中記載:「中國下西洋船以此為外府,立擺柵墻垣,設四門更鼓樓。內又立重城,蓋造庫藏完備。大寶船已往占城、爪哇等國,並先於暹羅等國回還船只,俱於此國海濱駐泊,一應錢糧皆入庫內存貯。」也就是說,鄭和將滿剌加作為了中轉站,在這里建立擺柵城垣,建造倉庫,儲存錢糧貨物。鄭和去各地的船只,回航時都在這里聚齊修整。

永樂九年(1411)正月,滿剌加國王拜里迷蘇剌率妻子及陪臣540餘人,隨返國的鄭和一行前來中國訪問。明成祖給予了隆重的接待和特殊的禮遇,不僅親自宴請,還賜予豐厚的禮物給他們,包括金繡龍衣二襲、麒麟衣一襲、金銀器皿等。


在兩國的交往中,璀璨的中華文化對滿剌加也產生了不小的影響。主要影響包括:


一、馬六甲王朝第三任蘇丹斯里馬哈拉加參照明朝的典章朝儀,製定了本國的禮儀製度,他所重視的黃色和其樂隊之中銀質喇叭,上附有馬來人所稱為「龍」的圖形。

二、仿照明朝銅幣,將以往的「斗錫」改為圓形中間無孔的錫幣,直到葡萄牙時代才廢除。

三、因為鄭和下西洋將其作為中轉站,那里不僅有若干遺跡,還有大量隨從移民此地,與當地人通婚,成為特殊的華人群體,如今被稱為「峇峇娘惹」。

明茅元儀《武備誌》載鄭和航海圖局部(公有領域)

Comment by Host Workshop on October 17, 2022 at 5:19pm

日本「衣冠禮樂昭華風」

永樂四年(1406),因日本國王源道義(足利義滿)捕海寇有功,明成祖賜白金千兩、織金彩色幣二百、綺繡衣六十件、銀茶壺三件、銀盆四件及綺繡紗帳衾褥枕席諸物,還有海船二艘,封其國鎮山為「壽安鎮國之山」(富士山)。明成祖親自製碑文,並賜以詩曰:

「日本有國鉅海東,舟航密邇華夏通。衣冠禮樂昭華風,服禦綺繡考鼓鐘。食有鼎俎居有宮,語言文字皆順從。善俗殊異羯與戎,萬年景運當時雍。皇考在天靈感通,監觀海宇罔不恭。爾源道義能迪功,遠島微寇敢鞫兇。鼠竊蠅嘬潛其蹤,爾奉聯命搜捕窮。如雷如電飛蒙沖,絕港余孽以火攻。焦流水上橫復縱,什什伍伍禽奸兇。荷校屈肘衛以從,獻俘來庭口喁喁。彤庭左右誇精忠,顧咨太史疇勛庸。有國鎮山宜錫封,惟爾善於山增崇。寵以銘詩貞石礱,萬世照耀扶桑紅。」

詩中敘述了兩國的友好、日本對中華文化的效仿,還特別贊賞其抓捕海盜之功,希望這樣的關係能夠延續,而這樣的關係也的確在明成祖之後延續了很長一段時間。


浡泥國「於萬斯年 仰我大明」

浡泥是亞洲加里曼丹島北部文萊一帶的古國。自北宋時與中國通好。明初,明太祖曾遣使前往浡泥。永樂三年(1405)國王麻那惹加那遣使獻土特產,明成祖派官封其為王。

永樂六年(1408),國王麻那惹加那攜妻子、弟妹、子女、陪臣共一百五十多人來中國進行友好訪問,同年十月病故。成祖以王禮埋葬,謚恭順王,建祠祭祀。在繼任的浡泥國王遐旺回國時,成祖厚賜禮物給他,包括金鑲玉帶一、金帶一、金百兩、銀三千兩、錢鈔錦綺紗羅衾褥帳幔器皿等。

麻那惹加那在世時,曾希望成祖將他們國中的一座山封為鎮國之山,他的兒子遐旺繼任後又向成祖請命,成祖同意將長軍山封為鎮國之山,並禦製碑文,上面刻的贈詩曰:

「炎海之墟,浡泥所處。煦仁漸義,有順無遷。㥪㥪賢王,惟化之慕。道以像澤,遹來奔赴。同其婦子,兄弟陪臣。稽顙闕下,有言以陳。謂君猶天,遺其禮樂。一視同仁,匪厚偏薄。顧茲鮮德,弗稱所雲。浪舶風檣,實勞懇勤。稽古遠臣,順來怒逆。以躬或難,矧曰家室。王心亶誠,金石其堅。西南番長,疇與王賢。矗矗高山,以鎮王國。攙文於石,懋昭王德。王德克昭,王國攸寧。於萬斯年,仰我大明。」

詩為四言詩,凝練莊重,用字典雅,充分體現出大國之君的才學氣度。詩中贊頌了浡泥前國王麻那惹加那的賢德及對大明的忠心臣服,他們受著仁義的滋養影響,從不違背仁義,又因仰慕中華文化,便率領妻子兄弟陪臣遠來大明。此外,詩中贊頌浡泥與大明的關係「金石其堅」,表達了兩國世代友好的願望。

永樂六年(1408),國王麻那惹加那攜妻子、弟妹、子女、陪臣共一百五十多人來中國進行友好訪問,同年十月病故。浡泥國王墓(現存江蘇省南京市雨花臺區)。


柯枝國「吐煙出雲,為國洪龐」

柯枝國,在今印度西南部的柯欽一帶,是航道要沖和重要港口。15世紀初與中國有友好往來,宋、梁、隋、唐、明皆入貢。

永樂元年(1403),明成祖遣中官尹慶賫詔撫諭其國,賜以銷金帳幔、織金文綺、彩帛及華蓋。永樂六年(1409),又命鄭和出使其國。三年後,柯枝國王可亦里遣使入貢。永樂十年,鄭和再出使其國,此後連續兩年入貢。

永樂十四年,明成祖封柯枝國王可亦里為國王,詔封其國內東大山為「鎮國山」,並賜「柯枝禦製碑」。成祖派鄭和賜其王印,並親製碑文,詩曰:「截彼高山,作鎮海邦。吐煙出雲,為國洪龐。時其雨旸,肅其煩熇。作彼豐穰,祛彼妖氛。庇於斯民,靡災靡河。室家胥慶,優遊車歲。山之嶄矣,海之深矣。勒此銘詩,相為終始。」

詩中表達了對柯枝國和人民的祝福,希望他們風調雨順,民眾生活幸福。


參考資料

《萬曆野獲》

《明史》

Comment by Host Workshop on September 27, 2022 at 3:30pm

陳明發·關于〈海絲文化~一帶一路的沙巴敘事〉

有關我前晚配合沙巴大學孔子學院“一帶一路”倡議10週年紀念(2013-2023)前奏曲所作的研究心得報告,借這裡和諸位談談我的會後想法。

1 首先當然要萬分感謝沙巴大學孔子學院馬方院長羅國安教授及中方院長鄧嶸副教授的邀請及貼心安排,並得到沙巴亞庇華人同鄉會館聯合會總會長拿督黃小娟的大力協助,加上各族、各領域、各年齡層參與者的積極上線,讓我有機會在家做分享,表達我對婆羅邦的真摯寄望。

2 有關講題〈海絲文化~一帶一路的沙巴敘事〉的嘗試,鎖在三個方向:

(a)在敘事領域,沙巴很有本錢;文化資本讓沙巴成了馬來西亞的敘事大邦;

(b)作爲渤泥古國一部分的北婆沙巴,自古與中國在南海網絡上關繫密切,使到沙巴敘事更具絲路文史價值;

(c)在新冠肺炎前,文化創意産業一直是全球經濟中成長最高、最穩定的行業,不僅能帶動其他傳統領域,也製造了大量新的就業機會;全球組織如聯合國大會、世界旅遊機構、聯合國教科文組織等都異口同聲,認爲突破疫後困局最有力的策略之一便是藉助文創産業的動力。最重要的是,敘事藝術一直都是文創領域最核心的創生元素。

3 此講座論據得到舉辦與合作單位的接受與認可,並可與彼此現有的項目互相交融、借力,無疑有助於各行各業疫後振興的努力。

4 也是沙巴著名民俗學專家的羅院長,和来自中國深化創新創業教育改革示範高校長沙理工大學的鄧院長在會後表示,他們目前正在積極輯稿有關本邦華裔文化的學刊,還有援助影視工作者的鄉土紀錄片等計劃,都非常需要“説好沙巴故事”的內涵。

5 “一帶一路”終極目標是全人類“命運共同體”,沙巴南海敘事+文創策略+各行各業創新整合,是我們立足21世紀海上絲綢之路網絡,面向疫後重建復興的總體工作。

6 華裔近代二百餘年來有能力紥根海外並開枝散葉、開花結果而不竭,學界一直推崇要歸功於“三寶”:華教、華媒與華團。

7 沙巴孔子學院這回的講座完成舉辦,在在顯示了學府+媒體+社團三寶融洽配合的良好範式。

8 把前述的“總體工作”接軌“良好範式”並逐步昇級,沙巴敘事對一帶一路的價值勢將實現出來。

我當晚的講座雖着重沙巴,文創對隣邦砂拉越也一樣事關重大。實際上,從官方與民間的努力來説,砂拉越目前走得更快。每年7月於古晉郊外山都望山腳下舉辬的雨林音樂節,早已是國際音樂創意節慶的國際品牌,就是最好的說明。另一個好例子是砂拉越文協的多年努力(包括最近還招募了好些各領域的青年專才),犀鸟之鄉除了文化事業逐日繁茂,彰顯文化兢争力外;其文創商機也將無可限量。

當然,沙砂二邦若能及早整合起來,要發揮更大的文化動力,無疑指日可待。
(27.9.2022)

Comment by Host Workshop on September 18, 2022 at 6:05pm

Creative industry content can be lucrative export for Malaysia

Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said creative industry content such as movies, dramas and animations could be a lucrative export for the country if the products were of high quality.

The prime minister noted that the creative industry is a thriving sector in Malaysia with the existence of 345 MSC Malaysia status companies under the Creative Content and Technology cluster out of a total of 2,986 active MSC Malaysian companies as of March 31, 2019.

 

"In 2018, the MSC Malaysia status companies under this cluster recorded sales of RM7.69 billion with export value of RM1.4 billion and provided 11,471 job opportunities," he said in his speech at the 15th National Academy of Arts Culture and Heritage (Aswara) Convocation Ceremony here today.

Dr Mahathir believes that ASWARA, with its variety of faculties can provide high quality creative industry content and products for local and international markets.

 

Meanwhile, the prime minister stressed that Malaysia could not lose its identity which was shaped through its cultural and artistic diversity.

"We need to balance physical and material progress with the development of arts and culture because it is only in this way that we can strengthen the civilisation of the nation," he said.

He further noted that Malaysian culture, like the culture of other countries, is constantly changing due to external influences, developments in communication, technology and others.

 

"In this regard, arts and culture education is very important because we do not want to experience cultural degradation and poverty," Dr Mahathir said, adding that the decline would erode values vital for the survival of the nation.

“If arts and culture are not championed, society will no longer understand the functions and use of the core culture which becomes (our) identity, and instead they will know more of foreign cultures. With this, the noble values we inherited will also disappear,” he said.

 

Dr Mahathir said the rich Malaysian culture should not just be expanded within the country but should also be promoted on the global stage, while the people should also learn the cultures of other communities.

He said it is time for the government and Malaysians to pay attention to the country’s arts and culture which formed the pillar of racial identity.

 

Earlier, Dr Mahathir and his wife Tun Dr Siti Hasmah Mohd Ali were awarded an honorary Doctorate in Creative Arts in conjunction with the Aswara convocation. The award has just been introduced by the institution.

“This award is very meaningful to us. But what is more important is that this award has placed arts and culture as a subject which should be given attention.

"Culture in particular can determine the success or otherwise of a race, and indeed an individual,” said Dr Mahathir, adding that he and his wife were honoured to be the first recipients of the award. (Bernama : 07 Nov 2019 )

Comment by Host Workshop on September 17, 2022 at 11:05pm
Comment by Host Workshop on September 16, 2022 at 4:01pm

Malaysia’s creative industry contribution to GDP remains low

by Dr. Tan Beng Huat

In every 15 Malaysian employees, there is 1 creative worker, or 6.7% of our total labor force. However, the creative industry contributes approximately only 2% towards the Malaysian GDP for the last year before Covid-19 pandemic,and constitute 0.2% of our exports. In 2019, the country’s exports of creative goods were at RM220 million, comprising items such as printed books,brochures, printed materials, pictures and photographs. Among the countries involved in the exports of creative goods are India, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, Taiwan, Turkey and Poland.(Source: 21.10.2020 The Malaysian Reserve)

The Global Reality

If we compare our data with with that of the world market, we will soon realise where are our weaknesses and opportunities for catching up:

Figures published by UNCTAD in May 2013 show that world trade of creative goods and services totalled a record US$ 624 billion in 2011 and that it more than doubled from 2002 to 2011; the average annual growth rate during that period was 8.8 per cent. Growth in developing-country exports of creative goods was even stronger, averaging 12.1 per cent annually over the same period. (CREATIVE ECONOMY REPORT 2013>WIDENING LOCAL DEVELOPMENT PATHWAYS by UNDP)

Comment by Host Workshop on September 15, 2022 at 7:59pm

Documentary on Murut’s 1936 New York visit

Published on: Tuesday, November 30, 2021

By: Sherell Jeffrey

Kota Kinabalu: The first Sabahan – and perhaps the first Malaysian – to visit New York in 1936 and who returned to tell his tale is the subject of a documentary slated for release next year.

Called “Saudin the Orang Utan Whisperer” it is expected to spark interest in Sabah and Keningau and revolves around Saudin Labotao from Kg Ambual in Keningau. He was hired by the world’s first wildlife filmmakers Martin and Osa Johnson to handle animals on their voyage from Sandakan to New York.

Among the animals was Abai, the largest Orang Utan to be captured alive who was placed in the New York Zoo. It was so strong that it bent the bars there as reported in the New York Times then.

Saudin’s experience travelling to New York just before World War II was chronicled in Agnes Keith’s 1939 international classic, Land Below the Wind. She devoted an entire chapter to Saudin, as she did the Johnsons.

It was also Agnes who recommended Saudin to the the Johnsons for the purpose as he was skilled in looking after animals.

Saudin was featured in a coffee table book entitled “Spirit of Borneo: Hollywood’s first glimpse” about the Johnsons’ visit to then British North Borneo in 1920 and 1935.

Comment by Host Workshop on September 15, 2022 at 7:59pm

The book was co-authoured by Daily Express Chief Editor James Sarda and Universiti Malaya History Professor Datuk Dr Danny Wong.

James had also featured Saudin in a special report in the paper titled “Saudin, The Murut Marco Polo.” His trip to New York took him to Singapore, India, South Africa and many other ports of call along the way.

Producer Noreini Rahman of Rye Production Sdn Bhd said interest in making a movie about Saudin was sparked when she came across the “Spirit of Borneo” now a collector’s item due to its limited circulation. She carried out extensive research on Saudin both in Keningau as well as places he had been to while in New York and liaised with the Safari Museum in Kansas where much of the Johnsons memorabilia are kept.

Noreini also established contact with Saudin’s family members and has involved his grandchildren in the film as well.

The production team on Monday met with Sabah Tourism Board Chairman Datuk Joniston Bangkuai to discuss possible collaboration to promote the documentary as well as turn Saudin’s house in Keningau into a museum gallery for heritage tourism.

Also present were Sabah Tourism Board chief financial officer Julianus Jimit and Saudin’s grandchildren Norman James Saudin and Norsina James Saudin.

Joniston, who is also Assistant Minister of State Tourism, Culture, and Environment, agreed on the necessity for Saudin’s story to be told because he played an important role in bridging the gap between different cultures.

“Something has to be done. The Sabah Tourism Board is always looking for new tourism products, and Saudin story has much potential.

“We need to promote who Saudin is and I believe the documentary will generate interest. Of course, we will play our part in promoting Sabah,” he said.

Joniston said a team would be sent to Saudin’s abandoned house in Kg Ambual to assess the possibility of turning it into a tourist attraction.

Saudin’s house, according to his grandchildren, is in its original condition but has been slightly damaged by termites. His belongings have also been left in place. His grave is nearby.

Noreini said she spent four years researching Saudin and that the production team pitched the story to the National Film Development Corporation (Finas) and History Channel.

The documentary is nearly finished and would be submitted to Finas as well as the History Channel for final approval.

“With the assistance of the Sabah Tourism Board, we hope to launch the documentary in Sabah. This is a crucial documentary focusing on a native Sabahan and we want the younger generation to know him as he is part of history.


“We also engaged the Kansas History of Museum, and they are excited to collaborate with us,” she added.

Norman, his grandson, plays Saudin in the documentary. The friendship between Saudin and the animals he cared for, as well as the western people he met, is highlighted in the story.

There was also interest in making a musical on Saudin a few years ago by a Sabahan entrepreneur, Peter Chua. However, it did not materialise.

Further Reading: Murut’s 1930 New York journey going global

Comment by Host Workshop on September 14, 2022 at 8:47pm

The Story of Belt & Road initiative
By Dr. Tan Beng Huat

Good story is always universal. I still remember when I paid a visit to my old acquaintance in Wu-ai Distribution Market of Shen Yang City a few years back, I met a group of delegations from Selangor. A few Indian business leaders were among them, and there were no problems at all for them understanding the concept of the Belt and Road Initiative. Their leader even said that they could help convey the opportunities offered by this initiative to their partners in India. Yes, the Indian government do worry about their ocean may be dominated by the Chinese Fleet. However, if they are willing to learn just a little bit of the history of Zheng Ho's voyages (not once, twice but 7 times), or that of Arabian or Venetian merchant ships right before the arrival of Spanish, Portuguese, Netherlands and English war ships, then they will understand whom they should be cautious of. (The author: 1st on the right)

Comment by Host Workshop on May 30, 2022 at 4:05pm


愛墾評·深度叙述
說說這次旅行

一場暴雨迎接初夏
把惠安的清新
洗刷得越發通透
旅行中是否有過這樣那樣的“艷遇”
即使是擦肩
也是一種美好

於是,一顆心就這樣被你吸引
尋找每一縷幽香
將跨越時間的斑斕
定格在初夏的惠安
探尋你曾經
走過的每一處風景

每個人的心中都有一個崇武天空,
這裏是他們認識惠安的開始。
而婀娜多姿的惠安女服飾表演,
更是把遊客的興致提到最高點。

崇武:石頭與大海的藝術


每個人的心中都有一個崇武天空,這裏是他們認識惠安的開始。而婀娜多姿的惠安女服飾表演,更是把遊客的興致提到最高點。

在崇武古城這座石頭堆砌的“城堡”裏,美無處不在,這裏也是邂逅惠安女的好所在。

崇武的石雕舉世聞名,崇武的海岸全國享譽,這些優質資源催生出令人向往的旅遊目的地,在這個初夏慢慢發酵,叫人欲罷不能,總想來一場說走就走的旅行 。

即使在同一個地方的日出日落,都會因為海水的潮汐,角度的變動而呈現出不一樣的美。(福建惠安美女文創)

愛墾原創·如何經营文史體驗產品

阿兰·德波顿《旅行的艺术》对旅行的期待

Tourist Gaze 3.0

阿兰·德波顿《机场里的小旅行》

顾晓鸣·休闲的本真是“诗性劳作”

“诗”和“远方”

阿兰·波德顿《给工作一个讃》

愛墾網 是文化創意人的窩;自2009年7月以來,一直在挺文化創意人和他們的創作、珍藏。As home to the cultural creative community, iconada.tv supports creators since July, 2009.

Videos

  • Add Videos
  • View All

Blog Posts

柳敬亭說書

Posted by Host Studio on May 14, 2017 at 4:30pm 7 Comments