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Comment by 史識 庫 on February 12, 2024 at 9:41am

Geography has made us neighbors

Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners, and necessity has made us allies. Those whom God has so joined together, let no man put asunder. — John F. Kennedy

“The good historian… must be fearless, uncorrupted, free, the friend of truth and of liberty. One who calls a fig a fig, and a skiff a skiff, neither giving nor withholding from any, from favour or from enmity, not influenced by pity, by shame, or by remorse. A just judge… a stranger to all, of no country, bound only by his own laws, acknowledging no sovereign, never considering what this or that man may say of him, but relating faithfully everything as it happened.” Lucian, ancient Greek writer and satirist (c.125-185)

“Perhaps nobody has changed the course of history as much as the historians.” Franklin P. Jones, American journalist (1908-1980)

War is God's way of teaching Americans geography. — Ambrose Bierce

Without an understanding of geography, we would not appreciate the mercies of the United States of America. — Tim Marshall

I believe there is little to gain by exchanging opinions with other artists concerning either the ideology of art or technical methods. Very much alone in my work, I am almost jealous of it. Geography has no bearing on it, nor have the interests of the community in which I work. — Yves Tanguy

The DRC is neither democratic, nor a republic. It is the second-largest country in Africa, bigger than Germany, France, and Spain combined and contains the Congo Rainforest, second only to the Amazon as the largest in the world. — Tim Marshall

Comment by 史識 庫 on February 11, 2024 at 12:01pm

Historians are like deaf people who go on answering questions that no one has asked them.

“Historians are like deaf people who go on answering questions that no one has asked them.” Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer and philosopher (1828-1910)

“What experience and history teach is that nations and governments have never learned anything from history, or acted upon any lessons they might have drawn from it.” Georg Hegel, German philosopher (1770-1831)

“A historian ought to be exact, sincere and impartial, free from passion, unbiased by interest, fear, resentment or affection. And faithful to the truth, which is the mother of history, the preserver of great actions, the enemy of oblivion, the witness of the past, the director of the future.” B. R. Ambedkar, Indian politician (1891-1956)

“History is an argument without end.” Pieter Geyl, Dutch historian (1887-1966)

“History is an aggregate of half-truths, semi-truths, fables, myths, rumours, prejudices, personal narratives, gossip and official prevarications. It is a canvas upon which thousands of artists throughout the ages have splashed their conceptions and interpretations of a day and an era.” Philip D. Jordan, American historian (1903-1980)

“History will be kind to me, for I intend to write it.” Winston Churchill, British writer and politician (1874-1965)

“History is a set of lies, agreed upon.” Napoleon Bonaparte, French ruler (1769-1821)

“History is instructive. What it suggests to people is that even if they do little things, if they walk on the picket line, if they join a vigil, if they write a letter to their local newspaper… Anything they do, however small, becomes part of a much larger sort of flow of energy. And when enough people do enough things, however small they are, then change takes place.” Howard Zinn, American historian (1922-2010)

Comment by 史識 庫 on February 10, 2024 at 8:44am

The only history worth a tinker’s damn is the history we make today

“I don’t know much about history and I wouldn’t give a nickel for all the history in the world. It means nothing to me. History is more or less bunk. It’s tradition. We don’t want tradition. We want to live in the present and the only history worth a tinker’s damn is the history we make today.” Henry Ford, American industrialist (1863-1947)

“The more I study history the more I realise how little mankind has changed. There are no new scripts, just different actors.”  Richard Paul Evans, American author (1962- )

“To study history means submitting yourself to chaos, but nevertheless retaining your faith in order and meaning.” Herman Hesse, German writer and poet (1877-1962)

“Study the historian before you begin to study the facts.”  Edward Hallett Carr, British historian (1892-1982)

“[The historian is] an unsuccessful novelist. L. Mencken, American journalist and satirist (1880-1956)

“The historian must serve two masters: the past and the present.” Fritz Stern, German-American historian (1926- )

“It might be a good idea if the various countries of the world occasionally swapped history books, just to see what the other people are doing with the same set of facts.” Bill Vaughan, American writer (1915-1977)

“Historians are themselves the products of history.”  Paul Conkin and Roland Stromberg, American historians

“I don’t know much about history and I wouldn’t give a nickel for all the history in the world. It means nothing to me. History is more or less bunk. It’s tradition. We don’t want tradition. We want to live in the present and the only history worth a tinker’s damn is the history we make today.” Henry Ford, American industrialist (1863-1947)

Comment by 史識 庫 on February 8, 2024 at 8:41pm

It is as if a hand has come out, and taken yours

“The best moments in reading are when you come across something – a thought, a feeling, a way of looking at things – which you had thought special and particular to you. And now, here it is, set down by someone else, a person you have never met, someone even who is long dead. And it is as if a hand has come out, and taken yours.” Alan Bennett, English playwright (1934- )

“History is a vast early warning system.” Norman Cousins, American journalist (1915-1990)

“If you don’t know history, it’s as if you were born yesterday. If you were born yesterday then any leader can tell you anything.” Howard Zinn, American historian (1924-2010)

“What is the use trying to describe the flowing of a river at any one moment, and then at the next moment, and then at the next, and the next, and the next? You wear out. You say ‘There is a great river and it flows through this land, and we have named it History’.” Ursula K. Le Guin, American writer (1929-2018)

“Study history, study history. In history lies all the secrets of statecraft.” Confucius, Chinese teacher and philosopher (551-479 BC) 

“The entire history of mankind is, in any case, nothing but a prolonged fight to the death for the conquest of universal prestige and absolute power.” Albert Camus, French-Algerian author (1913-1960)

Comment by 史識 庫 on February 6, 2024 at 4:16pm

History is a map of the past for the modern traveller

“One of the deepest impulses in man is the impulse to record, to scratch a drawing on a tusk or keep a diary… The enduring value of the past is, one might say, the very basis of civilisation.”  John Jay Chapman, American author (1862-1933)

“History is not the past but a map of the past, drawn from a particular point of view, to be useful to the modern traveller.”  Henry Glassie, US historian (1941- )

“History is the story of events, with praise or blame.” Cotton Mather, American writer and politician (1663-1728)

“History is the study of all the world’s crime.” Voltaire, French writer and philosopher (1694-1778)

“History is who we are and why we are the way we are.” David McCullough, American historian (1933- )

“No other discipline has its portals so wide open to the general public as history.” Johan Huizinga, Dutch historian (1872-1945)

“History gives answers only to those who know how to ask questions.” Hajo Holborn, German-American historian (1902-1969)

“A generation which ignores history has no past and no future.” Robert Heinlein, American author (1907-1988)

Comment by 史識 庫 on February 4, 2024 at 10:48am

Echoes of Time: Reflecting on History's Lessons by Dr. Tan Beng Huat

1. History is essentially the interpretation of materials uncovered and studied by historians. We should always value the honest work of academics, regardless of personal biases.

2. Historical materials encompass artifacts and various forms of literature such as books, journals, reports, and documents.

3. The sources of these findings are crucial for understanding context.

4. Importantly, history isn't solely about the past; it also informs our understanding of the future.

5. In the past, whenever Malaysians engage in debates about the "true history," it often leads to bitterness and complicates our collective efforts for a better future.

6. In Chinese philosophy, history and poetics are intertwined. Just as poets craft their perceptions of reality through words, rhythm, and mood, historians do the same through research, interpretation, and advocacy.

7. Our ancestors' history should guide us toward a noble purpose of creating a better future for all.

8. The 50th anniversary of Malaysia-China diplomatic friendship provides an opportune moment to articulate this vision.

9. Let's kick-start our efforts right after Chinese New Year 2024. May it be the greatest gift for the Year of the Dragon.(4.12.2024)

Comment by 史識 庫 on June 29, 2022 at 10:36pm















當年的“石隆門華工起義”遺留下來的古跡,包括帽山大本營的“旗桿夾”、重修後的幾座廟宇:天師龍宮、國王古廟、將軍廟(忠臣廟)、把水口伯公廟和古墓群。在新堯彎地區則有劉善邦廟。在裕恒山下之立達坦那(Lindah Tanah)則有碼頭和古亂葬崗遺跡。這些古跡,“風下”副刊都曾經報導。我由上個世紀七十年代開始關注石隆門華工起義事件,並且多次帶領學者友人前往考察,並留下不少照片。









(李南林 2007年3月17日)

Comment by 史識 庫 on May 29, 2022 at 5:31pm







2005年11月25日“西原鑼鉦文化空間” 被聯合國科教文組織(UNESCO)宣布為“人類口頭與非物質文化遺產代表作”。最近幾年由於受到西方文化和新興形式的娛樂影響,大部分年輕人不太重視銅鑼傳統藝術,這已使的這種傳統藝術日益沒落。除此之外、一些反動分子已經利用信仰文化搬弄是非,刺激部分人民賣銅鑼,撤銷銅鑼儀式。這樣的不軌行為已經引起“銅鑼流失”現象日趨嚴重。特別是從“西原鑼鉦音樂”被評為“人類口頭與非物質文化遺產”至今10余年,銅鑼文化不但沒有趁勢興起甚至都沒在各民族生活中恢復到舊有位置,反而發生許多變異現象。



1.2. 研究動態



此題材專門研究 “西原文化中的銅鑼文化”以期能夠幫助部分學者對越南西原銅鑼文化有更深刻的認識和了解

1.3. 研究目的和意義

1.3.1. 研究目的


1.3.2. 研究意義

此研究題材有巨大意義就是:分析西原銅鑼在西原人的生活中的作用,同時為中國各位教師和各位同學介紹越南豐富的文化形象。 最後希望通過研究能提出針對西原銅鑼文化傳承與發展的有效方法。

1.4. 研究方法


- 收集和處理資料: 在報紙上、各個研究工程中進行收集並選擇所必要的信息





1.5. 研究內容和擬解決的主要問題

1.5.1. 研究內容





Comment by 史識 庫 on May 29, 2022 at 10:29am






1.2. 論文的創新點




II. 第二章:西原銅鑼文化空間遺產概述

2.1. 西原地區簡介


2.1.1. 地理位置和自然資源簡介





可以說西原人民的文化是“森林文化” 西原之所以被稱為旅遊之地是因為這裏具備良好的自然資源,文化歷史和人民的文化遺產。西原有著陰人的名勝古跡和動食物系如:長山-西原地區最突出的文化特點是耕地生活習慣。從信仰節、風俗習慣到人民的情感生活等物質生活和精神生活都離不開耕地習俗,因而西原文化也被稱為“森林文化”。

西原也是理想的旅遊地區。這裏具備良好的自然資源,文化歷史和人民的文化遺產。西原有著陰人的名勝古跡和動食物系如:Yaly、春香湖,Chư Mom Ray、Yama Yang Yung國家深林,玉玲、Nam Nung國家自然保存區,海湖,福強、嘉龍,Đam B'ri飛泉等豐富和引人的勝地和動食物的生態系。

2.1.2. 居民簡介



- 巴拿-色當(也被稱為巴拿北)主要生活在西原北部,屬於嘉萊和昆嵩等兩省


- 南島族:(拉格萊、埃地等族)主要生活在西原中心(屬於得樂省)得弄北部和嘉萊南部等省)



Comment by 史識 庫 on May 28, 2022 at 9:31pm




具體在埃地族,村長叫做Khoa pin ea是滸的主人。除了管理“滸”之外Khoa pin ea還要管理人事、保安、對外、神權等方面。



文化旅遊:西原政府還保存當地少數民族在Kon Kơ Tu、Kon Du、Kon Sôi(緄髙省)、Đê K'tu(加萊省)等村莊的古老建築和生活文化。除此之外,至今西原人民還維持紡織錦緞、木頭雕像、編織藤編等傳統手藝和“刺牛”、“棄墓”、“象會”、“喝竿酒”等風俗習慣。經過歷史的變化,西原人民的生活已經漸漸離開原始經濟的采集方式但發展速速度仍然緩慢。

愛墾網 是文化創意人的窩;自2009年7月以來,一直在挺文化創意人和他們的創作、珍藏。As home to the cultural creative community, iconada.tv supports creators since July, 2009.


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